European Commission - OECD International Database on STI Policies

Formerly OECD/STI Outlook Database

Starting in 2015, the OECD and the European Commission are pursuing a joint approach in support of innovation policy analysis, with a common survey and database on science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, unique in their nature, coverage and scope. 

Feeding into the OECD STI Outlook and European Commission reporting

Every two years, the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (DSTI), under the aegis of the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP), reviews key global trends in STI policies on the basis of a policy questionnaire. The conclusions of this review are presented in the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook, and have been published every other year since 1998. The 2016 edition, including thematic policy notes and country analyses, can be accessed here: www.innovationpolicyplatform.org/sti/e-outlook

The European Commission also reports on STI performance at EU and Member State level and on policy developments, e.g. through its yearly Research and Innovation 'Country Profiles' or in the European Semester Country Reports. Questionnaires have in the past been regularly addressed to the European Research and Innovation Committee (ERAC). 

In 2015, as a part of efforts to develop a coordinated approach to collecting information in support of innovation policy analysis, the OECD DSTI and the European Commission Directorate-General for Research & Innovation (DG RTD) have joined forces. 

The STIP Survey

The former OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook Policy questionnaire has become the new European Commission/OECD international survey on Science, Technology and Innovation Policies (STIP). 

In its coverage, the survey expands on the OECD DSTI’s Policy Questionnaire and also includes questions relevant to the EU’s Research and Innovation policy agenda.

This will bring coverage to 54 countries, including emerging economies (e.g. Brazil, the People’s Republic of China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation, and South Africa), and non-OECD EU Member States. 

Taken together, countries covered in the STIP survey and database account for an estimated 98% of global R&D (Source: OECD STI Outlook 2016).

In its scope, the survey addresses all areas of STI policy, involving initiatives spread across different Ministries and national agencies, with competence over domains as broad as research, innovation, education, industry, environment, labour, finance/budget, and others. 

Responses to the survey are official statements provided by government representatives. The CSTP and the ERAC will jointly guarantee the relevance of national input. Responses are harmonised and then organised into the STIP Database.

The STIP Database
The new European Commission/OECD STIP database is a qualitative database of national policies and governance arrangements in support of science, technology and innovation policy design, implementation and evaluation. It provides thematic and country-specific access to a broad variety of information, including programme descriptions, typologies of policy instruments, target populations, sector- or technology-orientation, budgets, evaluation results, and links to official websites and to a wealth of national reports and documents.
 
The STIP database is a building component of the OECD/World Bank Innovation Policy Platform (IPP) and of the European Commission’s Policy Support Facility (PSF) Library. Both aim to support policy practitioners in the innovation policy-making process by providing unique access to a broad knowledge base on innovation and related policies.  
Related resources
Countries’ official responses may be complemented with recent OECD and European Commission resources on science and innovation policy, including: 
Please cite the contents of the STI Policy database as:

EC/OECD (2014), International Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (STIP) Database, edition 2014, https://www.innovationpolicyplatform.org/sti-policy-database.