Cluster policy and smart specialisation (OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012)

Clusters are a geographic concentration of firms, higher education and research institutions, and other public and private entities that facilitates collaboration on complementary economic activities. While some of the world's leading clusters specialise in high-technology industries (e.g. Silicon Valley, Bangalore) they are also found in sectors ranging from wine making to automobiles to biotechnology.
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Published by OECD in 2012

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