Environmental impacts in the context of life-cycle assessment (Nanotechnology and Tyres: Greening Industry and Transport)

Using a life-cycle assessment methodology, this chapter evaluates potential environmental impacts of three different vehicle tyre technologies: the reference tyres (using nanoscale carbon black and highly dispersible [HD] silica); and next generation tyres, namely HD-HS silica nano-enabled tyres and nanoclay (montmorillonite) nano-enabled tyres. It looks, in particular, at impacts on greenhouse gases emissions across the product lifecycle, impacts on natural resource consumption and flows across the lifecycle, and impacts of nanowaste from end-of-life tyres. The chapter also makes recommendations aimed at improving the life-cycle assessment framework for assessing the relative impacts of baseline and nano-enabled tyres.
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Published by OECD in 2014