The rise of knowledge networks and markets as enablers of open innovation (Knowledge Networks and Markets in the Life Sciences)

Within the past five years there has been an explosion in the development of knowledge networks and markets (KNMs) in the life sciences. This chapter sets out the context for the development of these phenomena, provides a rudimentary operational taxonomy, and sets out some overarching questions about their impact on innovation productivity as well as what governments might need to do to influence their success.
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