Innovation for Inclusive Growth

Symposium on Technology, Innovation and Inclusive Growth: Future Perspectives

 28-29 April 2016, Paris, OECD Headquarters

Information and communication technologies have facilitated disruptive innovations, affecting fundamentally opportunities for productivity improvements and economic growth and also for enhanced wellbeing.

This emerging digital economy poses multiple challenges for policy as it places into question received views on the key underpinnings of economic growth and global competitiveness for developed, emerging and developing countries alike.

In a context of growing income inequalities across the OECD and beyond, the question of what opportunities the new emerging economy holds for different groups in society, and what policy can do, also needs addressing.

 

Agenda             Speakers' biographies             Symposium's Blogs

 

Summary of the discussions 

 ©Menno van Dijk – iStockphoto.com

Objectives of the Symposium

 

The Symposium brought together leading experts and policy makers from advanced, emerging and developing economies. Discussions focused on the impacts of the main technologies behind these changes, and explored the following critical questions:  

  1. What is the potential of new technologies as engines of growth? What factors are critical to competing in the emerging global economy?
  2. How disruptive are technologies, such as automation, for industry and people? How do they impact the income distribution?
  3. What are the key implications for policy? What can be done to support the successful implementation of technology to serve inclusive growth?

Agenda

Day 1: Thursday, 28 April 2016

10h00 - 10h30   Coffee and Registration

10h30 - 11h00 Welcome

  • Dr. Danny Leipziger, Managing Director, Growth Dialogue
  • Dr. William Maloney, Chief Economist, The World Bank 
  • Mr. Dominique Guellec, Head of Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD

11h00 - 11h15 Setting the Agenda

  • Mr. Dominique Guellec, Head of Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD

11h15 - 13h00 OPENING SESSION: The Potential of New Technologies for Inclusive Growth

The session set the stage and provided perspectives on the following questions:

  • Are we really entering an era of disruptive change? What are the main technologies behind such change? Where will such change be most important?
  • Will the new technologies bring a new era of growth? What are the constraints to bringing about growth?
  • Will benefits be inclusive and affect all groups in society? What conditions are needed to bring about such gains? 

 

Chair

  • Dr. Danny Leipziger, Managing Director, Growth Dialogue

Opening Speech

  • Dr. Philippe Aghion, Professor at Harvard University and Collège de France

Comments

  • Dr. Manuel Trajtenberg, Professor at Tel Aviv University
  • Dr. Caroline Paunov, Senior Economist, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD
  • Dr. Dimitri Corpakis, Head of Unit, Directorate for Open Innovation and Open Science, Directorate General for Research & Innovation, European Commission

Open discussion

13h00 – 14h30   Lunch Break

14h30 - 16h00 PANEL DISCUSSION: New Technologies, Innovation, Employment and Growth

The discussion panel contained a more in-depth discussion of the questions raised in the opening session. A specific focus was set on characterising the main dimensions of change, the potential of new technologies for inclusive growth as well as initial perspectives on what policymakers should do.

 

Chair

  • Mr. Dominique Guellec, Head of Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD

Speakers

  • Dr. Carl Frey, Co-Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on Technology and Employment, University of Oxford
  • Dr. Robert Atkinson, Founder and President of the Information Technology and Innovation  Foundation (ITIF)
  • Dr. William Maloney, Chief Economist, Equitable Growth, Finance, and Institutions, World Bank
  • Dr. Youngah Park, President of KISTEP, Korea

Open discussion

16h00 – 16h30   Coffee Break

16h30 – 18h00 KEYNOTE SPEECH: How Can Policy Best Support New Technologies Including Citizens?

The session focused on how policy should best support the role that technology can play in inclusive growth (in a context of much anxiety over the effects of technologies on employment and well-being more generally).

 

Chair

  • Mr. Ganesh Rasagam, Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice, The World Bank

Speaker

  • Dr. Manuel Trajtenberg, Professor at Tel Aviv University

Comments

  • Dr. Francois Bourguignon, Professor Emeritus, Paris School of Economics
  • Dr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia, former Deputy Chairman of the National Planning Commission, India

 Open discussion

18h00 – Dinner (by invitation)

Dinner Speech:  Dr. Marco Annunziata, Chief Economist at General Electric

Day 2: Friday, 29 April 2016

9h00 – 9h30   Coffee and Registration

9h30 – 11h00 KEYNOTE SPEECH: What is the key to global competitiveness in the emerging Internet economy?

The session discussed the critical determinants of competitiveness in the new economic context and provided perspectives on how different countries will fare.

 

Chair

  • Dr. Shahid Yusuf, Chief Economist, Growth Dialogue

Speaker

  • Dr. Robert Atkinson, Founder and President of the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF)

Comments

  • Mr. Alistair Nolan, Senior Policy Analyst, Directorate for Science, Tecnology and Innovation, OECD: Perspectives from the Next Production Revolution Project 
  • Dr. Jennifer Blanke, Chief Economist, World Economic Forum
  • Dr. Carl Dahlman, Special Advisor to the Director, OECD Development Centre 

Open discussion

11h00 – 12h00 PANEL DISCUSSION: Disruptive Technology and Automation – Implications for Industry and People

The panel focused on the nature of change brought by technologies in the automobile/transport sector, an industry that has been fundamentally transformed, as well as provided perspectives on how automation will affect not only the automotive industry, but also production and workers more generally. Questions addressed included:

  • What are the most fundamental changes in the automobile/transportation sector? What are the critical factors for future competitiveness? Is this affecting other sectors in the economy at large?
  • What is the potential of automation to emulate humans? What implications does advancing automation have for industry? What are the implications for society more generally? 

 

Chair

  • Mr. Alistair Nolan, Senior Policy Analyst, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD

Speakers

  • Mr. Jacques Bughin, Director, McKinsey Global Institute 
  • Dr. Mete Çakmakci, Secretary General, Technology Development Foundation of Turkey
  • José F. Saenz, Business Unit Robotic Systems, Fraunhofer, Germany

Open discussion

12h00 - 12h30 PRESENTATION: The SDGs: Where Do Innovation and Technology Fit In?

  • Mr. Douglas Frantz, Deputy Secretary General, OECD 

12h30 – 14h00   Lunch Break

14h00 – 16h00 PANEL DISCUSSION: Implications for Policy in Developed and Emerging Economies

The final session focused on emerging policy implications and responded to the following issues:

  • How can policy best support the adoption and deployment of new technologies for the benefit of the economy and people at large?
  • What opportunities exist for emerging and developing economies in this new context?

 

Chair

  • Dr. William Maloney, Chief Economist, Equitable Growth, Finance, and Institutions, World Bank

Speakers

  • Dr. Shahid Yusuf, Chief Economist, Growth Dialogue
  • Dr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia, former Deputy Chairman of the National Planning Commission, India
  • Dr. Christine Greenhalgh, Professor of Economics, University of Oxford
  • Dr. Agrita Kiopa, Deputy State Secretary, Ministry of Education and Science, Latvia

Open discussion

16h00 – 16h30 SESSION SEVEN: WRAP-UP SESSION

This session draw conclusions from the Symposium’s discussions.

 

Co-Chairs

  • Dr. Danny Leipziger, Managing Director, Growth Dialogue
  • Mr. Dominique Guellec, Head of Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD

Innovation for Inclusive Growth project

 

The OECD “Innovation for Inclusive Growth” project analyses the impacts of innovation and related policies on inclusive growth.

 

Addressing the needs of policymakers in both key non-member economies and OECD countries, the aims of the project are to:

  • Provide evidence on the effects of innovation and related policies on inclusive growth focusing on industrial, social and territorial inequalities; and
  • Develop concrete policy solutions to support countries in reconciling their innovation and inclusive development agendas, including options for scaling up inclusive innovations.

More information can be found here: 

http://oe.cd/inclusive

 

Documents

Biographies of all speakers are available here

Prof. Philippe Aghion 


Dr. Marco Annunziata 

Dr. Robert Atkinson

Dr. Jennifer Blanke

Prof. Christine Greenhalgh

Dr. Youngah Park

 Prof. Manuel Trajtenberg

Biographies of all speakers are available here

Practical information

The OECD website provides practical information about how to get to the OECD Conference Centre where the event will be held, as well as a list of hotels nearby.

OECD Headquarters

2 Rue André Pascal, 75016 Paris

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