TIP mandate

Aims

Taking into account the priorities established by the Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP) and growing interest in harnessing science, technology, and innovation to address economic and societal challenges, the core mission of the OECD’s Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP) is to help countries to improve public policies to foster innovation and technology for sustainable economic growth. The Working Party on Technology and Innovation Policy will advise upon science, technology and innovation (STI) policies that:

  • Enhance productivity and foster sustainable, knowledge-driven economic growth;
  • Facilitate the creation, diffusion and application of knowledge for both societal and economic goals;
  • Make efficient use of public and private resources for science, technology, and innovation;
  • Strengthen public research institutions and their contributions to innovation and economic performance;
  • Promote the creation of highly skilled human capital; and 
  • Foster the creation of science and technology-based firms.

Modalities

In developing its activities, the Working Party will:

  • Draw upon, extend, and apply the National Innovation Systems framework it helped develop, as well as other approaches to STI policy;
  • Ensure an adequate balance between sectoral and economy-wide approaches to science, technology and innovation and consider the resulting economic and social (including environmental) impacts as well as the regional (intra- or supra-national) and institutional aspects of STI policy, including multi-level governance issues;
  • Draw upon the social sciences and make use of a range of methodologies in its policy assessment work, including surveys, case studies, workshops, policy round-tables, peer reviews and qualitative and quantitative analysis
  • Identify new requirements for policy-relevant indicators;
  • Assess trends in science, technology and innovation and their implications for policy;
  • Explore new ways and mixes of funding science, technology and innovation; and
  • Explore new approaches to STI policy formulation and implementation and assess the need for improved international instruments.
  • Develop the infrastructure for policy analysis including self-assessment and diagnostic tools of STI policies.

The Working Party will undertake its work in close co-operation with other relevant bodies of the Organisation and other international organisations as well as societal stakeholders in order to increase the benefits of their respective activities and to avoid duplication of effort. The Working Party will also strive to use the most effective information technology tools to carry out and disseminate its work. 

The Working Party will regularly report to the CSTP and maintain close relationships with other subsidiary bodies of that Committee, as well as with other bodies of the Organisation whose activities are relevant to STI policy issues.

The Working Party will elect a Bureau of up to seven members, including a Chair, for a period of one year.

The terms of reference of the Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP) shall come into force on 1 January 2015 and remain in force until 31 December 2019 unless the CSTP decides otherwise.

Scope

In the context of the CSTP, the Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy will provide member countries with:

  • Tools and working methods to apply a cross-government and evidence-based approach to the analysis, design, implementation and evaluation of innovation and technology policies.
  • A venue where innovation policy makers as well as stakeholders (e.g. academics, business, civil society) meet to discuss the current and future issues of innovation and technology policy.
  • Information about good practices for benchmarking for helping countries to translate them into concrete policy action.

Issues

In particular, in order to inform the development and implementation of STI policies and to promote the effective governance of innovation systems, the Working Party will:

1) Promote the exchange of information on new developments in:

    • the formulation and design of STI policies and effective policy mixes;
    • the main institutional, regulatory and management factors affecting the implementation of STI policies and the performance of innovation systems;
    • the evaluation of STI policies, including assessments of the quality and impact of policies to support public and private research and development (R&D) and innovation;
    • the evolution, financing, steering and management of universities and public research organisations (PROs) insofar as they relate to innovation;
    • the management of knowledge exchange and science-innovation interfaces;
    • the creation of knowledge and innovation-driven structural change in member states and regions, including through regional specialisation and integration into global value chains for innovation; and
    • the functioning of formal and informal markets for knowledge creation, exchange and diffusion;

2) Review specific policies and the mixes of policies put in place to foster the efficient, effective and complementary use of public and private resources devoted to STI, notably through strengthening the science base; enhancing science-industry linkages; developing innovation capacity; promoting the diffusion of knowledge and innovation, and linking supply and demand-side policies;

3) Identify new models and good practices in these areas;

4) Assess the implications for national STI policies and innovation performance of the increased globalisation of STI and economic activities, in particular developments related to public and private R&D, innovation, and the management and exploitation of intellectual assets;

5) Analyse specific issues and policies related to human resources for science, technology, and innovation to the extent such policies enhance the skills base for innovation and foster mobility, linkages and knowledge exchange within innovation systems; and

6) Consider ways of encouraging international co-operation in the analysis, formulation, implementation and evaluation of STI policy, including co-operation between member and partner economies and other international organisations, by, for example, contributing to the reviews of national innovation policy that are entrusted to the Secretariat by member and partner countries.