STIP Monitoring and Analysis (EC-OECD Project)

Project Description

The project’s strategic objectives are to streamline country Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) policy monitoring arrangements and thereby reduce the reporting burden on countries; to collect high-quality data that is relevant for European STI policy analysis; and to make improvements to data management arrangements that enhance data quality assurance mechanisms, increase data accessibility, and boost data analytics capabilities. These strategic objectives translate into the following technical objectives:
 
  • Upgrade existing country monitoring arrangements to collect high quality harmonised information in a timely manner: The project will design and administer new data collection tools improving data quality and the timeliness of data analysis and open access.
  • Put in place new knowledge management arrangements that support enhanced analysis of harmonised country information and its open accessibility: Database data will be structured by a taxonomy / ontology that models the STI policy domain. The database will incorporate user interfaces that improve data search and analysis capabilities and will support open access, e.g. through APIs.
  • Conduct data analysis in support of EU STI policy needs: With enhanced analytical capabilities at its disposal and the possibility to combine country survey data with other data sources, the project will prepare several analytical reports in support of the European STI policy framework. 

New Policy Monitoring Arrangements (i.e. the Survey)

For more than 20 years, the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (DSTI), under the aegis of the OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP), has conducted biennial surveys of STI policies in its member and strategic partner countries. The survey aims to identify the major STI policy changes implemented in participating countries in the previous two years. It takes stock of major national innovation policy initiatives and maps national policy instruments and arrangements (the so-called ‘policy mix’). The survey is unique in its scope, nature and coverage...

STI Policy Taxonomy / Ontology

The project utilises Semantic Web technologies that engender analytical flexibility and data openness. Semantic Web technologies provide far greater flexibility than a traditional relational database and can admit any type of data. They rely on taxonomies and ontologies that structure data, opening it up for linking and analysis. A wide variety of concepts and relationships between them can be modelled, and a selection should be made according to the sorts of policy analysis required.

The project will develop an STI policy taxonomy / ontology, which will be deployed to...

New EC-OECD International STI Policy Database

To be analysed and made openly accessible, country data needs to be stored in a database. The current database is publicly available (STIP Database). But the data collected remains under-utilised, largely because of outdated IT infrastructures that hamper accessibility for analysis. The project will use existing semantic database technologies that rely upon the STI policy taxonomy developed in WP3 to structure and link country data for analysis and open access. The main tasks in WP4...

Analytical Reports

The project includes a set of topic-based analyses in support of the European STI policy framework, based on the data collected in the EC-OECD STI Policy Survey 2016. The survey aims to identify the major STI policy changes implemented in participating countries in the previous two years. It addresses all areas of STI policy, covering initiatives spread across different ministries and national agencies (e.g. research, education, industry, environment, labour, finance/budget, etc.). The 2016 edition of the survey covered a total of 53 countries plus the European Union (...