University-Industry Collaboration: New Evidence and Policy Options

What are the impacts of public research on innovation performance? How can we best stimulate university-industry collaborations for innovation? The Knowledge Transfer and Policies project, conducted by the OECD Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP) between 2017 and 2018, addressed those questions. 

This webesite presents the final report and additional materials (case study contributions from different countries, policy papers and expert workshops) produced in the context of the OECD Knowledge Transfer and Policies project. The report was launched in London on 11 April 2019.

Read the highlights of the 2017-18 OECD Knowledge Transfer and Policies project

The report

 

 

 

The increasing importance of knowledge-based capital for competitiveness and to address socio-economic challenges benefits those countries with strong public research and the ability to effectively use research findings to innovate. In this context, it becomes ever more important to undestand how public investments in research can generate the largest impacts on innovation.

This report provides new evidence on the impacts of public research on innovation performance and explores the policy tools implemented across OECD countries to support science-industry knowledge transfer. 

 

 

 

                        Executive summary                                            The report in slides

  

                                               

CLICK HERE TO READ THE FULL REPORT

Chapters

Click on the following boxes to have the access to the chapters' material. 

Part I. Documenting the impacts of public research institutions 
Part II. Policy instruments and the policy mix for science-industry knowledge transfer 


Case studies

The "University-Industry Collaboration: New Evidence and Policy Options"report also builds on a number of country case study contributions to the TIP Working Party’s Digital and Open Innovation project. This includes three case studies on policy mix for science-industry knowledge transfer, ten case studies on instruments for supporting knowledge transfer and six case studies on spin-off support schemes provided by European RTOs. 

Here you can find all the material about the case studies.

Case studies on policy mix for science-industry knowledge transfer 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Case studies on instruments for supporting knowledge transfer:

 

Case studies on spin-off support schemes provided by European RTOs: 

Policy papers

 

 

 

How is research policy across the OECD organised? Insights from a new policy database

This policy paper provides a first systematic comparison of the governance of public research policy across 35 OECD countries from 2005 to 2017, using a newly created policy indicator database (https://stip.oecd.org/resgov/). The paper shows that diverse mechanisms of policy action regarding higher education institutions (HEIs) and PRIs are in place across these countries. 

 

 

 

 

Public research and innovative entrepreneurship - preliminary cross-country evidence from micro data 

This paper provides a first assessment of the degree to which public research contributes to innovative entrepreneurship, using data on start-ups and venture capital (VC). It looks at academic start-ups founded by recent undergraduates and doctorate students or researchers. It shows that academic start-ups represent 15% of all start-ups in the specific sample under scrutiny. As to their performance, start-ups founded by researchers are more likely to patent and those founded by students introduce innovations that are more radical compared to other start-ups. While start-ups founded by undergraduate students receive less VC funding and are less likely to exit via IPO or acquisition, those created by researchers are as successful as their non-academic counterparts.

 

  

What role for social sciences in innovation? Re-assessing how scientific disciplines contribute to different industries

It reviews the data sources and associated methodologies available to measure different types of science-industry interaction (Paunov, Planes-Satorra and Moriguchi, 2017). The paper also discusses the available evidence, which is mostly based on case study and patent data, and offers new statistical information from labour force and university graduate surveys. Such data allow exploring the numbers of social science graduates who move into different economic sectors; they thus capture the flow of human capital from university to industry – often considered one of the most important channels of science-industry knowledge transfer. 

 

 

Science-industry knowledge exchange: A mapping of policy instruments and their interactions 

It describes the different types of policy instruments aimed at strengthening science-industry knowledge transfer (Guimón and Paunov, 2019). It also discusses the positive and negative interactions between policy instruments. The paper draws on evidence from the case studies countries produced for the purposes for the purposes of this OECD-TIP project. 

 

 

 

 

Assessing the impacts of public research institutions on industry inventions (forthcoming)

This policy paper provides evidence on the trends in patenting of public research institutions, and on the co-location of public research and industry. The evidence builds on a dataset compiled for the purposes of this OECD-TIP project on the location and patenting activities of universities and public research institutes (PRIs) across 35 OECD countries and China for 1992-2014. The policy report also presents evidence of the impacts on local innovation of geographical proximity to universities.

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Outcomes of the knowledge transfer and policies project

 

"This is a comprehensive and concise report. Its value lies in new data sources and new policy taxonomies” 

- Agni Spilioti
Vice chair of the OECD-TIP Working Party
Director, S&T Policy Planning Directorate
General Secretariat for Research and Technology
Ministry of Education, Research & Religious Affairs
Greece

"The report provides a good overview of key issues surrounding knowledge transfer, including multi-stakeholder collaboration, governance, and steering of policy initiatives. The follow-up work on co-creation would be promising"

- Kai Husso
Vice chair of the OECD-TIP Working Party
Chief Planning Officer, Enterprise and Innovation Department
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment
Finland

The report in a nutshell

"The report provides new indicators to capture new dynamics of science-industry linkages, going further than other works in this field. It convincingly explores the complexity of knowledge transfer"

- Tiago Santos Pereira
Vice chair of the OECD-TIP Working Party
Centre for Social Studies
University of Coimbra
Portugal

Event launch in London

The report was launched on 10 April 2019 in London, in an event jointly organised by Digital Catapult, Innovate UK and the OECD. Find all the information at: https://oe.cd/2xs  

Assessing the impacts of the policy mix for knowledge transfer and policy project

This report provides the synthesis of findings and the main policy recommendations of the 2017-18 project on Assessing the impacts of the policy mix for knowledge transfer and policy, conducted by the OECD Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy. Find all the information about the project at: https://www.innovationpolicyplatform.org/impact

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