The Evolution of China's Science and Technology Policy, 1975-2007 (OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: China 2008)

In reviewing the key elements of the reforms of China's science and technology (S&T) policy over the past decades, this chapter seeks to trace their evolution and to provide an understanding of the driving forces behind them. Reforms and policy developments in China are difficult to understand without reference to their grounding in ideology. The Chinese Communist Party's S&T policy was based on the Marxist view of S&T (Gong, 1962).
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