Innovation policy for transition towards sustainable renovation (Sweden)

The Swedish case focused on the challenges of the sustainable renovating of housing in Malmö, which were constructed during the 1960s and 70s. The Malmö Innovation Platform uses the renovation plans of the Swedish Million Program as an engine for a wider process of change towards a sustainable city. The analysis was based on the multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions. Much of the building stock in Malmö exhibits urgent renovation needs, poor energy efficiency and social segregation. Currently there is a lack of policies and instruments in the housing area. Other bottlenecks are finance, coordination and knowledge of technical solutions, which make it especially difficult to get stakeholders involved. Still there is increased awareness of the importance of a systemic approach and collaboration solutions such as PPPs. In addition, Malmö has demonstrated strong political leadership with earlier transitions, e.g. to overcome economic decline and restructure the regional economy. The aim is to experiment with innovative financing models and to get politics, industry, society and academia involved. Likewise, enabling technologies such as ICT, smart grids and biotechnology are expected to play an important role. Innovation policies are currently at a very early phase, as are the development of housing data and related measurements.
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