6. Policy Implications and Outlook

Questions to be addressed in the panel discussion include the following:

1. How can innovation policies support pro-inclusive and grassroots innovation? How should they be integrated as part of overall national innovation policy framework? 

2. What novel approaches can be adopted to enhance the contribution of innovation policies to inclusive growth?

3. To what extent do inclusive innovation policies remain important as countries progress in development?

4. What is the current state of development support regarding S&T and inclusive innovation in particular?


Chair:    Andrew Wyckoff, Director for Science, Technology and Innovation, OECD


  • Imraan Patel, Deputy Director-General, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa
  • Yongsuk Jang, Science and Technology Policy Institute, Korea
  • Susanne Dorasil, Head of Division, Division for Sustainable Economic Policy, German Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development

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In many instances and in prevailing innovation policies the traditional triple helix-model on innovation collaboration between private sector, academia and public sector does not really reflect the inclusiveness element. In the developing economies even this collaboration culture is only now gradually emerging. The fourth pillar, namely civil society often carrying the torch of inclusiveness, is largely omitted on the policy level as a player. On a systemic level there are often no strong supporting entities, elements or mechanisms to nurture this collaboration on triple-helix context – not to mention in the augmented quadruple model including civil society at large. A wider perspective including civil society as key player is desperately needed also on innovation policy level.   

Juha Miettinen, Southern Africa Innovation Support Programme (SAIS), Namibia