Case studies

Policy mix for science-industry knowledge transfer - Austria

 

Start Date: 2001

Authors: Brigitte Ecker, Christian Reiner, Gerald Gogola

Description: The AplusB Programme has supported academic spin-offs since 2001 through seven centres that provide incubation services, including training and coaching. Recent evaluations raised the need for better national-regional co-ordination and definition of interfaces with private incubators, to avoid duplications and gain efficiency. This led to a reform of the programme in 2017. In addition, a new programme called Spin-off Fellowships was launched in 2017 with a focus on supporting spin-offs from young scientists and students. The Austrian Startup Monitor initiative, launched in 2018, monitors the evolution of start-ups in Austria. 

The Technology Access Centre Grants - Canada

 

 

Start date: 

Authors: Ryan Hampel and Ken Doyle

Description: This case study focuses on the Technology Access Centres (TAC) Grants administered by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). TAC Grants support the operations of centres established by colleges that enhance the ability of companies, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), to become more productive and innovative by enabling them to readily access college expertise, technology and equipment.

Licensing, technology transfer offices and technology transfer hubs - Chile

 

 

Start date: 2011

Authors: Etienne Choupay

Description: Since 2011, the Ministry of Economy of Chile through Corfo -the main public agency of innovation in Chile- began to move towards an ecosystem of technology transfer, focusing firstly on strengthening human capital competencies of professionals from universities and research centers in management, commercialization and transfer of R&D results.

Technology Transfer Policy: Recent developments - Colombia

 

 

Start date: 1992

Authors: Julián Pontón Silva, Elizabeth Sánchez Salazar, Mónica Botero Ospina

Description: Financial grants to support spin-offs were introduced in 2010. In 2015, a guide for the creation of spin-offs was developed as a practical tool for universities to support spin-offs. In 2017 a new law was enacted empowering universities to create spin-offs with the active participation of researchers.

Knowledge transfer policy instruments: Towards an open experimentation approach - Costa Rica

 

 

Start date: 2014

Authors: Ministry of Science, Technology and Telecommunications

Description: Recent policy programmes have been introduced to support spin-offs, including financial instruments (grant schemes) and “soft” instruments (workshops, networking events, etc.). In order to develop a locally appropriate approach to support spin-offs, a process of “open policy experimentation” was very useful, including seven interactive workshops with over 140 key stakeholders.

TUTL: New Business from Research Ideas - Finland

 

 

Start date: 2011

Authors: Anne-Mari Järvelin and Jari Hyvärinen

Description: The TUTL programme, launched in 2011, provides grants for research groups and researchers who want to build a new business based on their research. TUTL was introduced to focus on the early stage of the spin-off process, complementing pre-existing programmes for more advanced stages. An evaluation conducted in 2017 concluded that it has successfully met a gap in the national innovation system.

The promotion of spin-off activities through VTT Ltd and VTT Ventures Ltd - Finland

 

 

Start date: 1942 (VTT Ltd) and 2010 (VTT Ventures Ltd)

Authors: Matthias Deschryvere, Mikko Kumpulainen, Lula Rosso

Description: The national innovation policy context of VTT’s operations has increasingly focused on start-ups and scale-ups but until recently, no special attention has been paid to foster research and tech-based spin-offs. However, in 2017 VTT became the first Finnish RTO that had spin-off activities as a key performance indicator set by its parent Ministry of Employment and the Economy while for other Finnish RTO’s spin-offs are still not considered to be a target.

Policy mix for science-industry knowledge transfer - Finland

 

 

Start date: 

Authors: Halme, K., Lamminkoski, H., Salminen, V., Piirainen, K., Härmälä, V., Hjelt, M. and Hyvärinen, J.

Description: This study concerns the evolution and implications of Finnish knowledge transfer policy mix. There is a long and intense tradition of collaboration between science, applied research and industry. In the last 10 years, several reforms have affected knowledge transfer in Finland.

CEA - Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, France

 

 

Start date: 1945

Authors: Isabelle Rivat

Description: 

Programmes to promote spin-offs at Fraunhofer-Gesselschaft - Germany

 

 

Start date:

Authors: Thorsten Lambertus, Julia Schmalenberg and Matthias Keckl

Description: The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is the leading organization for applied research in Europe. Its research activities are conducted by 72 institutes and research units at locations throughout Germany. Spin-offs contribute substantially to the implementation of outstanding research results in new products and services. Therefore, Fraunhofer Venture has been created as a dedicated department in 2001 with the purpose of providing comprehensive support for Fraunhofer spin-off projects. 

Policy Mix for science-industry knowledge transfer - Greece

 

 

Start date: 2001 (Granting program) and 2018 (Equifund)

Authors: Agnes Spilioti, Vasileios Gongolidis, Antonios Gypakis

Description: A grant programme to support spin-offs has been available since 2001. In 2018 it was decided to complement it with a public venture capital fund to provide equity finance. At the time of introducing the venture capital fund, it was necessary to make some adjustments to avoid negative interactions with the pre-existing grant scheme.

Centres for Higher Education and Industrial Cooperation - Hungary

 

 

Start date: 2015

Authors: National Research, Development and Innovation Office

Description: This case study describes the Centres for Higher Education and Industrial Cooperation (HEICC, in Hungarian FIEK) scheme, which is primarily a financial instrument to foster science-industry knowledge transfer. 

A new method for evaluating universities’ third mission activities - Italy

 

 

Start date:

Authors: Brigida Blasi, Sandra Romagnosi, Alessio Ancaiani, Marco Malgarini, Sandro Momigliano

Description: The evaluation of technology transfer and third mission activities of universities and PROs is comprised among ANVUR institutional aims. Since its institution, ANVUR has started a path to better understand how to analyze and evaluate this kind of activities, an issue far to be solved.

RTO programmes to promote spin-offs: The case of TNO - the Netherlands

 

Start date: 1932 (TNO) and 2016 (Tech Transfer Program)

Authors: Marcel de Heide, Eddy Zwier, Hans Boumans, Erik Drop, Albert van der Steen

Description: TNO’s strategy supporting technology transfer, and its scope, governance, supporting structure and corresponding tools is in transition. TNO defined a dedicated program for this purpose in 2016, entitled Tech Transfer Program, which “serves to develop high-potential new inventions into business cases, drafting a proof-of-concept where necessary.

The Dutch Valorization Program - the Netherlands

 

Start date: 2010

Authors: Martijn Janmaat, Sander Kes, Joost Dieleman, Jelle Wijnstok and Eline Casteleijn

Description: The “Valorization” programme was introduced in 2010 to support the professionalisation of entrepreneurship education and valorisation structures. The programme offered financial support to 12 consortia of regional actors. The region-specific approach facilitated implementation and permitted a focus on the specific priorities of each region.

The policy mix for knowledge transfer between science and industry - Norway

 

Start date:

Authors: Siri Brorstad Borlaug, Silje Maria Tellmann, Liv Langfeldt and Espen Solberg

Description: Several policy programmes run by different agencies provide support to spin-offs. They involve different support services, financial grants and incubation facilities. Support to spin-offs has expanded substantially in recent years with increased funding. In view of the financial difficulties faced by already established spin-offs in their early years of operation, new public venture capital funds (Argentum and Investinor) have been created, and public seed capital funding schemes have been expanded.

Spin-offs support at Tecnalia: Transforming technology into GDP - Spain

 

 

Start date: 2011

Authors: Asier Rufino

Description: Tecnalia is the benchmark market oriented research and technological development center in Spain and one of the reference centers in Europe, with 1,400 experts of 30 different nationalities, focusing on transforming technology into GDP by creating business opportunities for companies and improving people's quality of life.

RTO’s programs to promote spin-offs – EURECAT - Spain

 

 

Start date: 2015

Authors: Angel Garcia and Joan Guasch

Description: Eurecat was born three years ago with a clear aim of transferring the results of its research and innovation activities to the market. Eurecat has developed a “Regulation on Intellectual and Industrial Property” that includes the regulation of the research results developed by Eurecat, as well as guidelines for its commercialization and the creation of technological companies emerging within Eurecat for the exploitation of those results. 

The ICURE pilot programme - United Kingdom

 

 

Start date: 2014

Authors: David Legg and Chris Hale

Description: The ICURe pilot programme was launched in 2014 to support teams of academic researchers wishing to explore the commercial potential of research originating in universities. The programme was first implemented through a partnership involving the TTOs of five universities in one region, and then expanded to other regions.

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Policy mix for science-industry knowledge transfer - Austria

The Technology Access Centre Grants - Canada

Licensing, technology transfer offices and technology transfer hubs - Chile

Technology Transfer Policy: Recent developments - Colombia

Knowledge transfer policy instruments: Towards an open experimentation approach - Costa Rica

TUTL - New Business from Research Ideas - Finland

The promotion of spin-off activities through VTT Ltd and VTT Ventures Ltd - Finland

Policy mix for science-industry knowledge transfer - Finland

CEA - Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission, France

Programmes to promote spin-offs at Fraunhofer-Gesselschaft - Germany

Policy mix for science-industry knowledge transfer - Greece

Centres for Higher Education and Industrial Cooperation - Hungary

A new method for evaluating universities' third mission activities - Italy

RTO programmes to promote spin-offs: The case of TNO - the Netherlands

The Dutch Valorization Program - the Netherlands

The policy mix for knowledge transfer between science and industry - Norway

Spin-offs support at Tecnalia: Transforming technology into GDP - Spain

RTO’s programs to promote spin-offs – EURECAT - Spain

ICURE Pilot Programme, United Kingdom