Chapter 4 -Policy instruments and policy mixes for knowledge transfer

Summary of the chapter

This chapter introduces a new taxonomy of 21 policy instruments to support knowledge transfer between science and industry, which can be classified into financial, regulatory or soft instruments, and characterised by their target, the channels they address and their supply- or demand-side orientation. The chapter also discusses the role of intermediary institutions in policy design, and then analyses differences in the policy mix across countries and examines interactions among policy instruments. It concludes by discussing key trends that characterise the recent evolution of knowledge transfer policies in OECD countries.

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